The Rose Window, by Andrea di Cione, is the focal point for the observer of the cathedral facade. It consists of a double row of columns with intersecting arches, where the center stands the face of Christ the Redeemer surrounded by mosaics in 4 triangles. These are by Piero di Puccio (1388), and depict the four doctors of the church: St. Augustine, St. Gregory the Great, St. Jerome and St. Ambrose. Externally, the Rose Window is surrounded by sculptures representing, among others, the apostles and 12 prophets. The statues and the heads are in travertine.
Orvieto Cathedral is a large 14th-century Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and situated in the hillside town of Orvieto in Umbria, central Italy. A symbol of the city itself, the Duomo is one of the most beautiful in Italy. The construction began in 1290.
The Duomo is a magnificent building that brings together different architectural styles, a balance of Gothic and Romanesque styles. Arnolfo di Cambio and Lorenzo Maitani, and a lot of sculptors, goldsmiths and painters as regards the landscaping and finishing. The mosaics tell the story and scenes from the life of the Virgin.
The bronze sculptures that decorate the facade of the Duomo symbolize the four Evangelists and, the Angel (St. Matthew), the Lion (San Marco), the Eagle (St. John) and the Bull (St. Luke). The bronze sculpture above the central door is the Virgin and Child, which was recently restored. The bronze works that symbolically represent the four evangelists are the work of the Maitani.
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